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[文献] 官网博客:曼达洛人盔甲的历史(The History of Mandalorian Armor)

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发表于 2014-2-22 21:51 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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译者按:本文是官网博客登载于1月30日的一篇文章,详述曼达洛盔甲的演化史。在翻译本文的过程中受到墨雪飘·痕、Darth·Wesker和starroy等论坛朋友的帮助,在此向他们表示感谢。
曼达洛盔甲历史
Tom Hutchens | January 31, 2014

Crusader armor (3996 BBY), Neo Crusader armor (cir 3060 BBY), and Supercommando armor (60 BBY).
圣战军盔甲(雅汶战役前3996年),新圣战军盔甲(雅汶战役前约3060年),以及超级突击队盔甲(雅汶战役前60年)
Few sights strike as much fear and awe in the Star Wars universe as the sight of a Mandalorian warrior clad in traditional armor. Star Wars fans were first introduced to it with Boba Fett in The Empire Strikes Back, with its iconic helmet, sleek weaponry, and very cool jetpack helping to make the bounty hunter a fan favorite. Since then it has made appearances in subsequent Star Wars movies, television shows, books, comics, and games. The armor is, without a doubt, the most iconic symbol of Mandalorian culture.
在星战宇宙中没有什么能像身着全身传统盔甲的曼达洛战士一样能如此地令人恐惧和敬畏。在《帝国反击战》中它经由头戴标志性头盔,配备时髦武器和非常酷的喷气背包的波巴·费特第一次向影星战迷们介绍,这同时也使得这位赏金猎人深受星战迷们的喜爱。在此之后它出现在了后续的星战电影,电视节目,书籍,漫画和电子游戏。毫无疑问,盔甲是曼达洛文化中最具标志性的符号。
Mandalorian armor is known as beskar’gam (iron skin) in the Mandalorian language, and is worn exclusively by warriors. It is worn by both men and women, and while it gives excellent protection, it also creates a common appearance regardless of species or gender. The highest quality sets are made by lightsaber-resistant beskar(Mandalorian Iron), but the exceptionally high cost and rarity of beskar has led to the use of durasteel, alum, and duraplast in armor production. Mandalorian metalsmiths have traditionally kepth the methods for working beskar into an alloy a highly guarded secret, but the element could be mixed with other metals such as ciridium to create a highly dense and almost indestructible set of armor. (a)
在曼达洛语里曼达洛盔甲被称为beskar’gam(钢铁皮肤),而且其专供战士们穿戴。男性和女性都可以穿戴,而且它能够提供卓越的防护性能,同时它也能使穿戴者的种族或性别特征不那么引人注目。质量最好的盔甲由可以抵抗光剑的材料beskar(曼达洛铁)制成,但是异常昂贵的高价和曼达洛铁的稀有程度使得盔甲通常用耐用钢,明矾或者耐塑材料制成。曼达洛的金属加工业保有着一种高度保密的秘密技法,这种技法能将曼达洛铁渗入合金,但是这种技法也能将其他金属比如超铱掺入合金以制造高密度且坚不可摧的盔甲。(a)

The armor of early Mandalorian Crusaders. (Photo by Matt Zeher)
早期曼达洛圣战军的盔甲(由Matt Zeher拍摄)
One of the earliest known appearances of Mandalorian armor in the Star Wars Expanded Universe is that of Mandalore the Indomitable and his Mandalorian Crusaders who took part in the Great Sith War of 3996 BBY. However, the Taung wore armor as far back as 24000 BBY during the reign of Mandalore the First. This armor was of a very ancient and organic variety, whose focus was protection during melee combat. Early Crusader armor had jagged edges with spikes and horns that gave a very beast-like appearance.   (b)
在星战衍生宇宙中曼达洛盔甲最早的一次出现之一是在雅汶战役前3996年参加了西斯大战的不屈曼达洛和他的曼达洛圣战军。然而,汤恩人早在雅汶战役前24000的曼达洛第一纪元期间就穿着盔甲。汤恩人的盔甲由一种非常古老的有机物制成,这种盔甲致力于在近身混战中保护穿戴者。早期的圣战军盔甲有着装饰着尖刺和触角的锯齿状边缘,这使得它有一种野兽状的外表。(b)
Under Mandalore the Ultimate, membership in the Mandalorian clans was opened to outside species who also incorporated their technologies into Mandalorian armor. These later Crusaders wore less organic-looking armor that offered better protection from blasters, as well as incorporating pressure suits for space/high altitude combat. Upgraded Crusader armor was worn up until the rise of Mandalorian Neo Crusaders during the Mandalorian Wars in 3964 BBY.
在终极曼达洛的领导下,曼达洛氏族的成员资格开始向外来种族开放,他们同时也将本族的科技融入到曼达洛盔甲之中。稍后的圣战军们身着能够更好地抵挡爆能束的盔甲,这种盔甲的有机感更少,同时也融合了为太空/高海拔作战而产生的压力服。升级版的圣战军盔甲被穿戴直到雅汶战役前3964年曼达洛战争期间曼达洛新圣战军的崛起。

Rholan Dyre leads Crusaders at the invasion of Vanquo.
罗兰·迪厄在入侵凡果期间指挥圣战军。
By 3963 BBY, Mandalorians had almost exclusively adopted the Neo Crusader armor for use during the Mandalorians Wars. Seen as heretical by some Mandalorians, Cassus Fett convinced Mandalore the Ultimate to start moving towards a more unified army. Neo Crusader armor was far more uniform in appearance, but some modifications were made depending on the species or specialization of the wearer. For the first time, color was used to separate ranks within the Neo Crusaders: Blue = Basic troops, Red = Rally Masters, Silver = Veterans/Front Line troops (the short-lived Mandalorian Knights wore sets of grey Neo Crusader armor). Neo Crusader armor also offered upgrades in protection, and incorporated stealth field generators to keep warriors undetected by enemies.
在雅汶战役前3963年,曼达洛人几乎在曼达洛战争期间只装备新圣战军盔甲以作资用。被一些曼达洛人看作是异教徒的卡萨斯·费特说服终极曼达洛开始建立了一支更加统一的军队。新圣战军盔甲从表面上看更像是制服,但是它根据了穿戴者的种族或专精作了某些修改。最初,盔甲的颜色用来区分新圣战军内部的军阶:蓝色的普通士兵,红色是集结师,银色是老兵/前线士兵(短命的曼达洛武士穿着灰色的新圣战军盔甲)。新圣战军盔甲也提供了防护方面的升级,并装备了隐形力场发生器以使战士躲过敌人的侦测。

Mandalorian Neo Crusader armor.
曼达洛新圣战军盔甲
With the death of Mandalore the Ultimate in 3960 BBY, the Neo Crusader army was disarmed and Mandalorians once again returned to their nomadic ways.  During this time Mandalorians were known mainly as “Mandalorian Mercs” and were hired as personal military units, supplemental troops, or bounty hunters. Mandalorian armor would see no significant upgrades for almost 2,000 years during this time. It wouldn’t be until Mandalorians faced one of their darkest hours that Mandalorian armor would find new life. (c, d, e)
随着雅汶战役前3960年终极曼达洛的死去,新圣战军被解除了武装,曼达洛人也重归他们昔日的游牧式的生活。在那段时间里曼达洛人主要以“曼达洛雇佣兵”为人所知并被雇作私人军事组织,替补士兵,或是赏金猎人。看起来在这两千年间曼达洛盔甲几乎没有任何重大改进。除非曼达洛人能够直面他们最黑暗的岁月,否则曼达洛盔甲不会焕发新生。

Mandalore the Uniter, father of modern Mandalorian armor. (Art by Mark Mchaley)
曼达洛统一者,现代曼达洛盔甲之父。(由Mark Mchaley绘制)
As the New Sith War took its toll on the galaxy, Mandalorians were not immune from the galaxy-wide conflict. By 1060 BBY, Mandalore had been all but decimated by Candorian plague. Pirates and raiders had made Mandalorian space lawless to the point where Mandalorian defensive ships gathered in caravans. In 1051 BBY a Mandalorian mercenary named Aga Awaud rose to become Mandalore the Uniter, and began the “Return” movement to rebuild Mandalore and its culture. (d)
当新西斯战争在银河系中敲响了它的钟声之际,曼达洛人没有免于银河系范围内的冲突。在雅汶战役前1060年,曼达洛几乎被坎多拉瘟疫完全毁灭。海盗和袭击者们在曼达洛防御舰船聚集成舰队时使曼达洛空间无法无天到了极点。在雅汶战役前1051年一个叫阿格·阿伍德的曼达洛佣兵升格为曼达洛统一者,并开始了“回归“行动以重建曼达洛及其文化。(d)
Mandalorian armor became mass-produced once again, but in a highly different configuration than the days of old. While still allowing for individualization and personal preference, Mandalore the Uniter had the armor stripped down into separate components to facilitate speed and surprise in attacks. Mandalorian armor was lighter, so jetpacks were less burdened by weight, and special units wore kamas to protect against shrapnel, blast damage, and jetpack wash. Mandalore the Uniter’s armor would usher in a modern era for Mandalorian armor, and would be the basis for Mandalorian armor produced over the next 1,200 years. (b)
曼达洛盔甲在彼时变成了量产物,但是与旧时的形态有了很大不同。虽然在仍然允许个性化和私人偏好,曼达洛统一者使盔甲分解成不同的组件以加速生产及在战斗中出奇制胜。曼达洛盔甲变得更轻,因此喷气背包的负重变轻了,并且特殊部队穿着卡玛斯短袍以防御榴霰弹,爆炸伤害和喷气背包的射流。曼达洛统一者的盔甲引领了曼达洛盔甲的现代纪元,并成为其后1200年里曼达洛盔甲的基础。

Mandalorian Death Watch in modern Supercommando armor.
身着超级突击队盔甲的曼达洛死神卫
The more modern “Supercommando” armor had become somewhat of a rare site in the times leading up to the Clone Wars. Used primarily by the True Mandalorian and Death Watch factions, the armor became popular once again among Mandalorians after the fall of the New Mandalorians in 20 BBY.  (e)
更加现代化的“超级突击队”盔甲在克隆人战争之前是一种有些稀有的盔甲。在新曼达洛陨落的雅汶战役前20年之后,这种盔甲又一次在曼达洛人里流行起来,而超级突击队盔甲主要由正统曼达洛以及死神卫派系使用。(e)

Mandalorian Supercommandos in modern armor after the retaking of Mandalore.
重夺曼达洛之后身着现代盔甲的超级突击队员
The last major step for Mandalorian armor happened around the time of of the Sith-Imperial War of 127 BY. While we don’t yet know why these design changes were made, Mandalorian armor took on a heavier apperance. Smaller, more segmented designs gave way to larger chest plates with overlapping abdomen and bicep plates. Helmets also lost their angular appearance to take on a more rounded shape.(f)
曼达洛盔甲演化的最后一个主要步骤于雅汶战役后127年的西斯-帝国战争中产生。尽管我们不知道为什么它们的设计发生了改变,曼达洛盔甲的外观看起来更加厚实。更小,更多的分段式设计使得胸甲更大并有着重叠的腹甲和二头肌甲。头盔也没有了原先有棱有角的外形,使其看起来变得更圆。(f)

[img][/img]

Tes Vevec in her set of “Legacy” Mandalorian armor (127 BBY)
特斯·维维卡穿着她的“传承”曼达洛盔甲(雅汶战役后127年)
While some older elements like separate thigh, shin, and boot armor remained the same, a significant departure from older armor had been made.
尽管一些更旧的设计像是分离的大腿甲,小腿家和靴甲仍然没有变化,它与老款的盔甲仍然有着巨大的不同。

Sources:
来源
(a)“Star Wars: Order 66”
“星球大战:66号令”
(b)“Bounty Hun?ter Code”
“赏金猎人准则”
(c)“The History of the Mandalorians” – Star Wars Insider #80
“曼达洛历史”—星球大战内幕第80期

(d)“Essential Guide to Warfar”
“战争基本指南”
(e)“The Essential Atlas”
“基本地图集”
(f)“Star Wars: Legacy 41:  Rogues End”
“星球大战:传承第41卷:侠盗的结局”
Tom Hutchens is the founder of the Mandalorian Mercs Costume Club.
汤姆·霍钦斯是曼达洛雇佣兵服装俱乐部的建立者
You can follow his antics as “Mandalore the Uniter”  on Facebook.
你可以参见他在脸书上的文章“曼达洛统一者”
Tags: Boba Fett, Expanded Universe, mandalorian armor, Mandalorian Mercs
分类:波巴·费特 衍生宇宙,曼达洛盔甲,曼达洛雇佣兵


官网的转载说明:This entry was posted on January 31, 2014 at 3:43 pm and is filed under Books and Comics. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

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共和国曼达洛人

发表于 2014-2-22 22:36 | 显示全部楼层
先膜拜英语帝

“然后,汤恩人早在雅汶战役前24000的曼达洛第一纪元期间就穿着盔甲”中的“然后”似应为“然而”

“在终极曼达洛的领导下,曼达洛氏族的成员资格也开始向那些能把自身科技融入到曼达洛盔甲外来种族。”感觉应该译成“……曼达洛氏族的成员资格也开始向外来种族开放,他们同时也将本族的科技融入到曼达洛盔甲之中”

其余的……我没细看,几点浅见,权当抛砖引玉吧
“66号令已被抹消,将军。”

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 楼主| 发表于 2014-2-22 22:42 | 显示全部楼层
回复 2# FlankerCommando

多谢指正,已改。第二点我觉得用一整句的“曼达洛氏族的成员资格也开始向那些能把自身科技融入到曼达洛盔甲的外来种族开放。”比较好一些····

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绝地伊克隆人汉化组曼达洛人

发表于 2014-2-23 08:04 | 显示全部楼层
回复 3# Skyaaqq
看了一下,这句话我倒是也倾向于拆句翻译。

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 楼主| 发表于 2014-2-23 09:54 | 显示全部楼层
回复 4# 墨雪飘·痕


    嗯嗯···既然二位都这么说我就改成短句吧···

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发表于 2017-7-28 11:53 | 显示全部楼层
感觉曼达洛的盔甲和武器比起共和国的要精良一些。。。

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发表于 2017-8-5 13:03 来自手机 | 显示全部楼层
总觉得曼达洛的装备很精良
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