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[种族] 伍基人(Wookiee)

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发表于 2009-2-18 17:30 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Wookiee 伍基人

Homeworld:
Kashyyyk
母星:
卡希克

Size:
2.1 meters
身高:
2.1米

Diet:
omnivorous
食性:
杂食

Weapon:
bowcaster
武器:
弩枪

Vehicle:
Wookiee flying catamaran, Wookiee ornithopter
座驾:
伍基人的飞行双体船、伍基人的扑翼机

电影



Shaggy giants from an arboreal world, the tall and commanding Wookiee species is an impressive sight to even the most jaded spacer. Despite their fearsome and savage countenance, Wookiees are intelligent, sophisticated, loyal and trusting. Loyalty and bravery are near-sacred tenets in Wookiee society. When peaceful, Wookiees are tender and gentle. Their tempers, however, are short; when angered, Wookiees can fly into a berserker rage and will not stop until the object of their distemper is sufficiently destroyed.
甚至连最迟钝的宇航员都会对高大威猛的伍基人叹为观止。这群毛发浓密的巨人来自一个森林世界。虽然面目可憎、形象粗野,但伍基人其实足智多谋、精明老练、忠心耿耿、诚实可靠。在伍基人的社会中,忠诚和勇敢是近乎神圣的原则。心态平和时,伍基人温文尔雅。然而,他们的脾气是捉摸不定的;一旦生气,他们会陷入狂暴状态,直到那个引起怒火的东西被充分消灭为止。



During the time of the Galactic Republic, the Wookiee homeworld of Kashyyyk was represented in the Galactic Senate by a number of Wookiee potentates. Loyal to the Republic, Kashyyyk was of prime strategic importance, serving as a major navigational point for the entire southwestern quadrant of the galaxy. This made it a target of the Confederacy, who invaded Kashyyyk during the Clone Wars. Republic forces, under the command of Yoda, were dispatched to protect the Wookiee homeworld. Yoda had fostered a good relationship with the Wookiees over his many years, and they trusted his leadership. Jedi, clones and Wookiee forces fought fiercely to protect the tree cities of Kashyyyk.
在银河共和国时期,一些伍基人权贵在银河议会代表伍基人的母星卡希克。忠于共和国的卡希克具有首要战略地位,是整个银河系西南象限的主要导航点。这使它成为邦联的目标,在克隆人战争期间遭到入侵。在尤达的指挥下,共和国部队被派去保护伍基人的母星。多年来,尤达和伍基人保持着良好关系,他们十分信任尤达的领导。绝地、克隆人和伍基人部队奋勇作战,保卫卡希克的树城。

Kashyyyk's loyalty meant little to the unscrupulous Empire that arose to replace the Republic. Despite their proven intelligence, Wookiees were enslaved by the Empire and exploited for their brute strength. Their homeworld was blockaded, and a free Wookiee was a rare sight in the galaxy.
寡廉鲜耻的帝国崛起后取代了共和国。卡希克的忠诚对帝国而言毫无意义。尽管被证明足智多谋,但伍基人还是被帝国奴役,帝国只为利用他们的蛮力。他们的母星被封锁后,一个自由的伍基人在银河系成为罕见的奇观。

Perhaps the best-known free Wookiee was Chewbacca, loyal co-pilot and friend of famed Corellian smuggler Han Solo. Chewbacca was instrumental in the defeat of the Empire, and the eventual liberation of his people.
或许最知名的自由伍基人就是丘巴卡了。他是著名科雷利亚走私者汉·索洛的忠实副驾驶和朋友。在打败帝国,最终解放同胞的战斗中,丘巴卡的作用至关重要。

衍生宇宙



Kashyyyk is a world enveloped in immense forests. Inland, the trees are so tall and dense that a layered ecoystem has evolved within its branches. The closer one approaches to the forest floor, the more dangerous and primeval the environment becomes. Wookiees inhabit the upper levels of the forest, having built their massive cities within the interwoven canopy.
卡希克是一个被大片森林覆盖的世界。在内陆,树林高大茂密,其枝叶内部形成了分层的生态系统。越接近森林地表,环境就越危险和越原始。伍基人住在森林上层,在交织的树冠上建造巨大的城市。

Though Wookiees do have a primitive appearance, they are quite comfortable with advanced technology. They can repair and maintain modern starships. They have developed a unique projectile weapon called a bowcaster. The Wookiee city of Thikkiiana was one of the key manufacturers of sophisticated computer componentry in the New Republic.
虽然有原始的外表,但伍基人相当适应高科技。他们能修理和维护现代星际飞船。他们开发出一种被称为弩枪的独特射弹武器。伍基人的希基亚纳市是新共和国主要的精密计算机部件产地之一。

An average adult Wookiee stands more than two meters tall, and has a lifespan of several centuries. Aside from great strength and keen senses, Wookiees also have impressive regenerative abilities that allow them to recover from injury at a remarkable rate. Wookiees also have wickedly curved retractable claws used for climbing. Wookiee honor dictates that these claws are never used in fighting. A Wookiee that breaks this covenant is shunned and exiled, branded a "madclaw" and banished from the cities.
成年伍基人站立时平均身高超过两米,寿命长达数百年。除了力大无比和感觉敏锐,伍基人还拥有惊人的再生能力,能以飞快的速度愈合伤口。伍基人有可伸缩的弯曲爪子,用于攀爬,有杀伤力。但伍基人的荣誉决定了他们在战斗中绝不使用这些爪子。违反这项契约的伍基人会遭排斥和流放,会被指责为“疯爪子”,禁止进入城市。

Wookiees are deeply respectful of nature, and have a strong connection to the sanctity of their world's ecology. When the Empire began exploiting the Wookiee homeworld, it was as if the giant people felt the pain inflicted upon Kashyyyk. Wookiees have also shown their own particular affinity for the Force.
伍基人发自内心地尊重自然,与母星圣洁的生态环境有强烈的联系。当帝国开始开发伍基人的母星时,这些巨人似乎能感受到卡希克遭受的痛苦。伍基人显示了他们自己与原力的独特亲密联系。

When the Empire legalized slavery, one of the first species to profit were the Trandoshans. These reptilians are from a world neighboring Kashyyyk, and have long had grievances with the Wookiees.
帝国使奴隶制合法化后,最早受益的种族之一就是特兰多沙人。这些来自卡希克比邻世界的爬行类种族对伍基人的不满由来已久。

Though Wookiees can understand Basic, and other galactic languages, their limited vocal apparatus can only produce their native tongues. The most common Wookiee language is Shyriiwook, a dialect of barks, growls, howls and roars. Wookiee language is very complex and liquid. Violence is such an everyday concern that there are 15 separate words for it in the Wookiee vocabulary. Wood and the crafting of woodwork and technology is so important that over 100 words exist to describe it.
虽然伍基人能听懂基本语和银河系内的其它语言,但他们的发声器官有局限,只能发出母语的语音。最常用的伍基人语言是希里伍克语,一种由吠叫、吼叫、嚎叫和咆哮组成的方言。伍基人的语言非常复杂和精确。对于每天都关注的暴力概念,在伍基人的词汇里有15个不同的词来形容它。对于重要的木工技术材料和工艺,存在100多个词来描述这一概念。

Wookiees have a primitive patriarchy with a complicated lineage structure, initiation rites, and a religion that rejects materialism. One of the most important Wookiee customs is Life Day, wherein extended Wookiee families gather and celebrate a day of joy and harmony, as promised by the Tree of Life. Even the Imperial blockade could not keep Wookiees from recognizing this most important day.
伍基人处于一种原始的父权制社会,它有复杂的世系结构、成年人仪式和一种反对物质主义的宗教。伍基人最重要的习俗之一就是“生命节”,在这天,伍基人大家庭欢聚一堂,庆祝快乐和谐的一天,同时向生命之树许愿。即使在帝国的封锁下,伍基人也不会忘记这个最重要的节日。

Wookiees greatly value morality, courage, compassion and loyalty. A sacred and ancient Wookiee tradition is that of the honor family. An honor family comprises a Wookiee's closest friends and companions. These family members pledge a commitment to lay down their lives for one another, as well as members of any honor families these individuals may have. Like the similarly sacred Wookiee life debt, Wookiees extend this tradition to members outside their species. Chewbacca considered Han Solo, Leia Organa Solo, their children and Luke Skywalker part of his honor family.
伍基人极为珍视美德、勇气、怜悯和忠诚。荣誉家庭是伍基人古老而神圣的传统之一。一个荣誉家庭由一名伍基人最亲近的朋友和伙伴组成。这些家庭成员互相发誓,愿为对方以及各自所在的所有荣誉家庭成员献出生命。跟同样神圣的伍基人生命债一样,伍基人的这一传统也适用于其他种族的成员。丘巴卡将汉·索洛、莱娅·奥加纳·索洛、他们的孩子和卢克·天行者纳入他的荣誉家庭。

After the Empire was overthrown, the Imperial slaving operation collapsed. The invading Nagai aliens attempted to resurrect the despicable practice, but were repulsed by agents from the Alliance of Free Planets.
帝国被推翻后,帝国的奴隶制也随之崩塌。入侵的外星系纳盖人企图恢复这一卑鄙的制度,但被自由行星同盟的战士们击退了。

幕后



The earliest incarnation of the Wookiees can be found in George Lucas' rough story treatment for Star Wars, written in May of 1973. Unnamed shaggy aliens occupied the "forbidden" jungle world of Yavin. In the first draft screenplay written the following year, the heroes, led by General Skywalker, crash-land on Yavin, in a dark area of jungle called "The Forest of Gargantuans." Hanging from the trees are shaggy gray monsters called Wookiees (spelled "Wookees" in the script). These Wookiees would be instrumental in defeating the evil Empire by the end of the story.
伍基人最早的身影可以在乔治·卢卡斯写于1973年5月的《星球大战》故事纲要草稿中找到。一群毛发浓密的无名异族人占据着“被禁的”丛林世界雅文。在第二年写的第一稿剧本里,天行者将军率领的英雄们迫降在雅文丛林的一个黑暗地区,那里被称为“巨兽森林”。树上荡着许多毛发浓密的,称为伍基人(在剧本中被拼为“Wookees”)的灰色怪物。到故事最后,这些伍基人在打败邪恶帝国的战斗中发挥了重要作用。

As the story for A New Hope developed, Lucas cut out many elements from the draft scripts. Yavin remained, as Yavin Four, the jungle moon. The Wookiees had their ranks cut down to a single representative -- Chewbacca. Instead of being primitive, Chewie was shown to be a sophisticated character, capable of repairing and flying a complex starship. The idea of a primitive tree-dwelling furry species overthrowing a technologically advanced invader would resurface as the Ewok ground battle in Return of the Jedi. The Wookiee world became backstory, remarkably detailed, yet ultimately unexplored on film until the conclusion of the saga, Star Wars: Episode III Revenge of the Sith.
随着《新的希望》的情节发展,卢卡斯从剧本草稿中去掉了许多重要元素。雅文被保留了下来,成为雅文四号丛林卫星。伍基人被精简为只剩下一个代表——丘巴卡。丘仔不再是原始人,而显示出经验丰富的个性,能修理和驾驶复杂的星际飞船。在《绝地归来》里,伊沃克人的地面战再现了“多毛的原始树栖种族打败技术先进的入侵者”这一构思。伍基人的世界成了背景故事,异常详细,但最终没有在电影里表现,直到传奇终章——《星球大战:第三部——西斯的复仇》。

Advancements in digital filmmaking made it possible to capture the massive scale of the Wookiee homeworld. Eight practical Wookiees (not including Chewbacca) were constructed and photographed to serve as all the Wookiees in the beachfront battle. These were duplicated digitally, and recomposited to fill out the frame. In addition, Industrial Light & Magic perfected the digital Wookiees necessary to create truly massive sequences, and complex stunt work like the Wookiees that swing in from above on a vine in order to plant explosives on incoming enemy tanks.
数字电影拍摄技术的进步使捕捉伍基人母星的大场面成为可能。八个实景伍基人(不包括丘巴卡)被打造和拍摄为湖滨战斗的所有伍基人。这些伍基人被数字复制后重新合成,以填充帧。除此之外,工业光魔完善了创造真正大场面片段和复杂特技效果所必需的数字伍基人。像伍基人抓着藤蔓从上方荡入以便在逼近的敌方坦克上安放炸弹这类场景就属于复杂的特技效果。
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